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Deep shipping refers to the transport of goods across oceans and between continents by sea. Large ships are employed in this method of cargo transportation to convey supplies and merchandise from one port to another. The open seas or deep oceans are the typical operating environments for these ships. 2-stroke engines are usual for deep-sea cargo ships.

The deep sea shipping industry is less affected by seasonality and geographic fragmentation. However, the market is impacted by the economic development and freight rates of particular countries. Short sea shipping, which involves moving freight over shorter distances, is also utilized in addition to deep sea transport.

How Does Deep Sea Shipping Work?

Larger vessels designed to travel through oceans and high seas are part of deep-sea shipping. Freighters, or big cargo ships, are frequently used. These ships are designed to transport large cargoes. Up to 10,000 shipping containers can be carried on deep-sea ships.

Container terminals are specialized port facilities used for cargo ship loading and unloading. After the cargo containers are loaded onto the ship using a crane and conveyor belt system, the ship departs from these terminals. Larger ships travel from the main regional port to the shipping lines. Smaller vessels transport containers from other smaller ports to their destination through regional short sea deliveries. The distance to be covered can range from a few days to many weeks, depending on the route.

The cargo containers are delivered when the cargo ships reach their target destination. Loads are also delivered to the point using cranes and truck systems. The cargo ships are returned to the main port when the cargo release is accomplished.

What are the Benefits of Deep Sea Shipping?

The main advantage of this mode of transportation is that it is relatively safe and reliable. Deep-sea vessels have a significantly lower chance of being damaged or lost in the open seas or oceans.

Furthermore, deep sea shipping routes have been planned as secure, time-tested routes. As a result, the risk of delays and accidents is relatively minimal, and deep sea shipping is regarded as one of the safest types of transportation. Another significant advantage of this kind of transportation is that the ships are designed to safely transport dangerous goods.

Shipping goods over great distances by sea is the most environmentally friendly mode of transportation. Deep sea shipping is also known as the most environmentally friendly mode of long-distance transportation. Many shipping businesses are attempting to enhance their environmental practices in order to lessen their environmental impact. Deep-sea shipping uses less energy than any other mode of international transportation.

You may benefit from sea freight shipping without compromising quality or security. Since the vessels are designed to carry enormous volumes of cargo, smaller cargoes can be combined, resulting in significant cost savings. The ability to transport items in large quantities allows for economies of scale to be achieved.

What are the Disadvantages of Deep Sea Shipping?

Although this mode of transportation has massive benefits, it also has drawbacks. The biggest consequence of these disadvantages is that the goods transportation process takes a bit longer. Deep sea cargo ships travel at a reduced speed than other vessels.

Another disadvantage is that it necessitates specialized equipment or knowledge, which increases the overall shipping charges. As a result, an expert is required to track market movements and provide useful information. Low demand and hence low commodity prices have a detrimental effect on deep sea shipping. Even though the effect of weather conditions is minimal, it is common to experience delays related to seasonal difficulties. Regardless of these risks, deep sea shipping is often safe and efficient.

Some challenges may arise during deep sea freight shipping. This industry is constantly evolving and updating due to factors such as increasing fuel costs, rising shipping container rates, and the requirement to comply with new environmental requirements. These challenges can be quickly overcome by making a few adjustments. These improvements include the development of new routes that are less vulnerable to severe weather conditions, as well as the investment in new technology and equipment.

What Will Deep Sea Shipping Look Like in the Future?

With the advancement of e-commerce, the deep sea shipping industry is taking shape. This sector is being influenced by a variety of developments. Some of these various factors include growing fuel costs and the requirement to adapt to changing environmental requirements. Growing demands and new developments are pushing the development of transportation efficiency technologies. As e-commerce develops, the demand for dependable shipping will also grow. The sector has numerous opportunities to expand and develop.

Deep sea shipping involves a number of considerations. The most important of these factors is that shipments be correctly wrapped and tagged in order for cargo to operate safely in this method of shipping.  If such details are taken into account, the goods can be delivered quickly and safely.

Deep-sea freight shipping is essential to the global economy. This mode of transportation has both economic and social implications. It enables businesses to efficiently transport goods all over the world. Deep-sea shipping supports trade and economic progress by creating more jobs and boosting local economies.

Deep sea shipping is a cost-effective method of transporting goods that offers numerous advantages over other modes of transportation. With the assistance of a qualified and professional organization, the goods transportation process can be handled effectively. Although it has some drawbacks, planning and experience can assist you in overcoming these difficulties. With the aid of a vast transportation network, every logistical problem can be solved.


The balance between exports and imports is crucial for every nation, notwithstanding ongoing global changes, discussions, and political issues. The study of export statistics helps to identify a nation's level of development. Plans that show the monetary behavior of nations are annual development plans and initiatives. What has Turkey decided for 2022, then? How can the export performance of Turkey be assessed in 2022?

According to the general trade system, exports increased by 18.2% in the January-August period of 2022 compared to the same period of the previous year and reached 165 billion 608 million dollars. When this data is considered throughout the period, it reveals a very promising result. Aiming to increase exports in direct proportion to the increase in production, Turkey continues to develop day by day. There is a specific improvement in exports in every field from raw material production to processed products, from fruits and vegetables to automotive.

Every Month Export Score Increased Compared to the Previous Month

Turkish exporters keep repeating that they believe the annual goal will be attained before the year ends. However, there are rumors that business leaders are reevaluating their goals as new orders decline amid indications of a worldwide slowdown and inflationary pressure. Even though official sources have not yet released the 2022 report, it is impossible to avoid seeing developments by glancing at the monthly evaluations.

Providing information about export figures, Minister Muş stated that exports continued to gain momentum in the first 10 months of this year. He also stated that it reached the highest monthly export value in October, as it does every month. Turkey's exports gained more momentum each month compared to the previous month. Exports seem to continue this upward trend at the end of 2022.

Exporters managed to reach record sales every month and in 21 of the previous 23 months up through August of this year. In summary, exports have increased significantly during the previous two years as well as in 2022.

Turkey's Export Targets and Achievements in 2022

The government and experts anticipate that exports, which totaled $225.4 billion at the end of 2021, will rise to $250 billion this year. As of July, according to TİM Chairman Mustafa Gültepe, rolling 12-month exports were more than 248 billion dollars.

Furthermore, Gültepe stated: 

"At this moment, we perceive that we will exceed our annual export objective of $250 billion in 2022 and leave behind a very important milestone." 

The target of 250 billion dollars was also highlighted by President Erdogan at most meetings and summits. This target was left behind when we look at Turkey's export values. The increase in export figures before the end of 2022 reveals that Turkey has gone beyond its targets.

Reminding that national pride Togg took off the first mass production models on Republic Day, Muş also talked about the pride and happiness they felt. In light of all these comments, this situation also reveals that Turkey's success in export-oriented production continues comprehensively.

According to the latest export orders index, exports in nations like Germany, the United States, the United Kingdom, and China are predicted to slow down, and the foreign trade imbalance between the Eurozone and the EU hit a record high in August. On the other hand, since the epidemic started, energy prices have caused a massive wave of inflation around the world. Turkey has attained a high level of integration with the global economy and commerce. Despite being negatively impacted by these global events, Turkey continues to boost its industrial production.

In conclusion, Minister Muş also drew attention to Turkey's position amid these global troubles. The global political and economic crises in the world slowed down Turkey's production flow. Yet, it did not stop and the visible development was reflected in Turkey's exports.

Global Demand in the 2022-2035 Period

Although the end of 2022 export evaluation has not yet been released, the Turkish Exporters' Assembly's 2022 Export Report contains expectations and intentions. Particularly, there are sectoral analyzes that can be realized between 2022-2035.

The regressions based on the monthly export data for the years 2010–2021 have been taken into account while computing the export prediction in the sectoral breakdown of Turkey. Based on this analysis, a sectoral breakdown of Turkey's exports in the future was calculated. 

The analysis predicts that in the years 2022 to 2035, the "Automotive Industry" will come out on top, followed by the "Chemical Substances and Products" sector. The "Steel" industry is anticipated to come in third, followed by the "Apparel and Apparel" sector in fourth place. Finally, the "Electricity and Electronics" sector will come in fifth.

Top 10 Sectors in Global Demand

According to this report, in the 2022-2035 period, the top 10 sectors that are important in global demand and the top 10 sectors in Turkey's exports take place. The sectors that are expected to come to the fore in Turkey's export ranking are as follows:

  1. Automotive Industry
  2. Chemical Substances and Products
  3. Steel
  4. Ready-to-Wear and Apparel
  5. Electricity and Electronics
  6. Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Metals
  7. Textile and Raw Materials
  8. Cereals, Pulses, Oilseeds, and Products
  9. Machinery and Parts
  10. Jewelry

Sectors Expected to Increase in Demand

In addition to these sectors, the ranking of the sectors that are expected to increase in global demand is given as follows:

  1. Chemical Substances and Products
  2. Electricity and Electronics
  3. Automotive Industry
  4. Machinery and Parts
  5. Jewelry
  6. Cereals, Pulses, Oilseeds, and Products
  7. Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Metals
  8. Mining Products
  9. Furniture, Paper, and Forest Products

When we examine these two lists, besides the differences in the rankings, the Furniture Group and Mining Products are included in the global demand list. When we examine Turkey's 2022 exports according to this demand list, there is a considerable export rate in both mining products and furniture, paper, and forestry products.

To give an example, Turkey's exports of furniture, paper, and forestry products increased by 22.6 percent in the 9 months year over year. They reached 6.2 billion dollars. Similarly, there is an increase in mining products. Mining product exports increased by 13.8 percent in the first 9 months of this year compared to the same period in 2021. They reached 4 billion 988 million 864 thousand dollars. In short, Turkey continues its production responding to global demand in terms of foreign markets. In this way, it is noticed by importers as it operates in many sectors.

The 2022 export evaluation report has not been published yet. However, despite the effects of the global crisis, Turkey has exceeded its expectations and targets regarding the supply-demand balance.


The term "import procedure" refers to the entire process of buying items from any other country. In terms of import laws and rules, the stages involved in import trade vary from one country to the next. However, every government's policies are designed to prevent harm to itself. Therefore, the first step before beginning the import should be for business owners who decide to import to thoroughly study the procedures and the laws of the country where they are acquiring. The government regulates import trade in the majority of nations. 

Import trade is authorized by the government to protect foreign exchange and domestic industries. Importing goods is subject to a defined and controlled process that protects both the exporter and the importer.

How Do Import Processes Work?

Although the import process is very comprehensive, it can be explained with specific titles. As we mentioned, we can summarize the general approach in nine steps, although it differs in each country.

1. Trade Enquiry

The importer makes a formal written request for information from the exporters, including details on the price, the quality, the quantity, and numerous export terms and conditions. The exporter prepares and transmits every detail and price quote they have regarding the product and the importation procedure in response to the importer's trade inquiry.

2. Getting an Import License and Quota 

Another stage, seen as the import stage, is to prepare the license and learn the quota. So, what are import licenses and import quotas?

Import License

A national government may authorize the importation of particular items into its borders by issuing an import license. When import permits are used to discriminate against the products of another nation to shield domestic businesses from international competition, they are seen as non-tariff trade barriers. The volume of imports permitted by each license is specified, and the overall volume permitted cannot be greater than the quota.

Import Quota

A sort of trade restriction known as an import quota places a physical cap on the volume of an item that may be brought into a nation over a specific time frame. Like other trade restrictions, quotas are frequently employed to the advantage of the economy's producers of a particular good.

3. Getting Foreign Currency

Another step is for the importer to make a foreign cash installment request, which includes the conversion of foreign banknotes to the currency of the exporter. Some countries may also accept direct advance import transfers instead of buying foreign currency. This stage is actually quite extensive. The money is kept in the bank until the transaction is completed because the security of both parties is the main point.

4. Placing the Order 

Another step is the importer's request for goods from the exporter. To place an order, an agreement is reached on issues such as price agreement and product quantity.

5. Sending a Letter of Credit 

This step is related to buying foreign currency. It is a frequent payment technique in international commercial transactions where the issuing bank agrees to pay the exporter as long as the exporter abides by the letter of credit's terms and conditions. The exporter's goods are safeguarded in this way.

6. Getting the Required Documents

If you have finished all the previous procedures, it is now time for the crucial paperwork. You must have certain paperwork to import into any country, in addition to the documents required by your own. The "Bill of Entry" is the most crucial document utilized in the import process. This document is prepared when the importer learns that the goods have arrived at the port. This document includes information about the quantity, price, and weight of the goods to calculate the customs tax. Upon the goods' arrival at the port, the importer makes arrangements for the payment of the advance price. This protects the importer from high penalties.

7. Customs Formalities and Clearing of Goods

In general, in all ports of a country connected to international destinations, customs offices are responsible for controlling goods entering or leaving the country to perform these functions. A country's customs office has the power to seize or, if necessary, dispose of goods. Therefore, the imported goods must be registered and checked. Providing the necessary customs documents allows you to receive your imported goods comfortably. Globally, the customs clearance procedure is possible. However, depending on the nature of the commodities, some may have unique criteria. For products that are deemed objectionable or require special documents for import and export, you must conduct thorough research.

8. Paying the Amount Due

And the payment stage is now ready to begin. Cash, letter of credit, documented collection or policy, open account, and consignment are the five primary payment methods in international trade, in order of security. The method that is safest for the exporter is, of course, also the least safe for the importer. Mutual benefit determines how much is paid. You are required to make payments for your purchases using the payment method you have chosen.

9. Achieving Deal Closure

We've reached the end of the process, or the last stage, of the agreement. The importer typically pays the pier dues when the goods are received and all controls are finished, with the completion of all agreements and receiving the products. Your products are currently in your possession.

Who Can I Trust in Import Processes and What Should I Do?

In import processes, importers generally prefer experienced people based on their experience. Supply companies are among the most logical choices preferred by importers lately. However, there are two questions that those who will have a new experience in importing think most:

  • Who can I trust in import processes?
  • What should I do?

The answer to both of these questions is simple. You should deal with brands that have experience and are sure of their reliability. And you should get information from people who are experts in all processes.

If you need quality and reliable goods, you can benefit from the experience of Turkish Goods. With the guarantee of quality and reliable price, your import is made most easily. You can also take a look at our other articles for more detailed information about our export processes and the delivery of products.


As we approach the winter months, of course, the biggest demand is for citrus products. Orange in particular attracts attention as the most demanded winter fruit worldwide. Delicious, juicy, and rich in vitamins, oranges are a type of fruit known on seven continents.

Due to their high vitamin C and antioxidant content, oranges are one of the citrus fruits that people have enjoyed and cultivated since ancient times. The southern Himalayan foothills, eastern Assam, northern Myanmar, and the Yunnan province in western China are the locations of the orange gene center.

In Roman times, the orange was regarded as the world's richest’s fruit. In the gardens of wealthy Roman families, greenhouses were employed to keep oranges from the cold, but with the fall of the Roman Empire, citrus fruits perished along with wealthy households. Oranges to Europe were brought by the Genoese trade between 1400 and 1500 C.E.

The orange is now a fruit that can be grown almost everywhere, with the expansion of trade networks, the development of technology, and the increase in transportation types. Which countries are the leaders in orange production? Which are the leading countries in export besides production?

Leading Countries in Orange Production

According to USDA data, a total of 49 million tons of oranges were produced in the world as of the 2021/22 market year. In addition, around 103 million tons of citrus fruit were produced. 47% of this production belongs to orange.

Oranges were the citrus fruit with the largest demand, even though more and more people were using citrus fruits in other contexts. 

Especially in fruit juice, dried orange peel, and slices, as well as essences, is gaining in value in terms of demand. The presenting forms of orange have also increased as more people choose organic products in the modern world. Brazil is ranked first with a share of 34% of the global orange output in the market year 2022–2023, according to the production shares of the top-producing nations. The EU comes in third with a production of 12%, while China comes in second with a share of 16%. Mexico produces 9% of the total amount of goods produced worldwide. With 1.8 million tons of orange output, Turkey is ranked 7th in the world.

While a very important part of Brazil's orange production consists of industrial varieties, the most common industrial orange variety is the Pera orange. Since China is the homeland of citrus fruits, it has serious production values and cultivates both industrial and table varieties.

Leading Countries in Orange Export

Exports and orange production both matter. 11.5 million tons of citrus fruits were exported globally during the 2021–2022 market year. Orange accounted for 39% of all exports. This year, countries have given close attention to the use of oranges in the local market, especially in light of the political unrest, the lack of precipitation, and the chilly weather. However, some nations have seen an increase in exports. Furthermore, global exports of oranges have climbed by 10% during the last five seasons.


While many people know Egypt for its pyramids and tourism, the country is fast becoming an agricultural powerhouse in Africa. Over the years, they continue to invest in increasing their small areas of agriculture. The majority of the world's orange exports, or over 80% of the entire citrus production in 2022, come from Egypt.

In the global orange export, which was 4.5 million tons in the 2021/2022 market year, Egypt takes first place with a share of 32%. Egypt is anticipated to keep this position, according to the US Department of Agriculture (USDA), even if exports have decreased by about 200,000 tons and production has decreased by 1.45 million tons as a result of unfavorable meteorological conditions. However, two of the biggest importers into the nation are Russia and Ukraine.

South Africa

South Africa is in the top three for 2021–2022, with a 28% export share of oranges. Surprisingly, one of the top producers and exporters of oranges is South Africa, a country whose importance to agriculture has grown. Moreover, when examined on a monthly basis, South Africa emerged as the top exporter of oranges to the European Union in October 2022, accounting for 132 455 tons of the 157 821 tons in total imports from all nations.


The USA is among the leading countries in orange exports with a 10% share in the 2021-2022 period. The USA, which gives importance to orange production, especially for fruit juice production, is the leader in orange juice exports.


Turkey is among the leading countries in the production and export of oranges. Although it has experienced a decrease in exports compared to production between 2021-2022, it is in eighth place. When evaluated according to orange varieties, Turkey has been a pioneer among the most diverse exporting countries. Looking at the product types; In 2021-2022, it is seen that 68% of orange production belongs to Washington, 28% to others, and 3% to Jaffa orange.

Why is Orange Trade Important in the World?

Oranges are a storehouse of vitamin C, which helps to defend against many ailments. In terms of both health and the value it lends to various culinary dishes, it has a significant place in the globe. In temperate and Mediterranean regions, orange is grown sloping locations that are ideal for cultivating it and can endure low temperatures of zero. 

But the orange tree can perish if the air temperature begins to fall below -9. As a result, it is exceedingly challenging to grow in locations with extremely harsh and cold weather. Additionally, the growth of the orange tree halts in locations where the air temperature exceeds 45 degrees. Orange growth is negatively impacted by snow and ice. It is a fruit that should be taken care of in terms of protection, cultivation, and fruiting. Orange continues to gain value due to its use and diversification in various industries.


Export control is a shared responsibility between industry and authorities. The Internal Compliance Program (ICP) is essentially a set of policies and procedures. Internal compliance programs are created to help organizations comply with various regulations and laws. They are designed to ensure that an organization follows all the necessary steps. This is done to ensure they stay compliant with federal, state, local, and international regulations.

All in all, the Internal Compliance Program (ICP) is a set of policies and procedures that help protect an organization’s assets, as well as the interests of its stakeholders. They are basically a way to ensure that an organization is in compliance with all of the regulations and standards that they need to be. This ensures that they are able to maintain a good reputation. Internal compliance programs are also beneficial because they can help prevent liability. If there is an issue with the company, this means that the company will be able to identify it and make changes before it becomes a bigger problem. Let's take a closer look at ICP.

Purposes of an Internal Compliance Program

  • Compliance with unilateral and international sanctions, including the screening of customers and suppliers for potential reputational and security risks 
  • Company staff being instructed in the terms of both multilateral and unilateral sanctions as well as all facets of their execution, compliance, and due diligence procedures.
  • Enhancing the security of raw material and semi-processed material supply chains. It ensures adherence to international laws and regulations 
  • Assistance with voluntary guidelines and other due diligence programs aimed at reducing the use of penalties, the violation of human rights, and other transgressions of international humanitarian law 
  • International sanctions compliance and its effects on trade and supply networks 

Basic Elements of an Internal Compliance Program

  • A company's culture should include compliance. This depends on senior management's and executives' clear dedication. A crucial component of this is making the necessary resources accessible and designating a committed compliance officer.
  • Regular employee training is crucial to ensuring that all teams involved from sales to delivery are aware of their obligations and contribute appropriately, supporting the cultural approach toward compliance.
  • Continued screening against all relevant, published entity lists is necessary. It guarantees that commerce does not take place with people or organizations that are included on relevant restricted party lists. The same is true for routinely checking commercial dealings against any relevant embargoes, product lists, and end-use limitations and prohibitions.
  • Records should be readily available to assist efficient and effective audits, the detection of infractions, and voluntary disclosures. Therefore, it is crucial to maintain track of any inspections that are pertinent to export restrictions.
  • Corporate policy on export controls must be clearly stated and meticulously documented as part of an ICP. These must also be conveyed and reiterated as necessary, which is related to the need for education and awareness.
  • A corporation should periodically conduct its own internal audits to support the continuing maintenance of a compliance program and to reduce the chance of infractions being discovered during an external audit.
  • Internal Compliance Programs need to be set up to accommodate shifting laws, regulations, and other factors. An ICP needs to be strong and flexible enough to handle ambiguity and unpredictability.
  • Automation of necessary checks provides security and efficiency in light of the sizeable volumes and frequent modifications of export control legislation around the world. Without hindering corporate operations, software solutions are a particularly cost-effective way to guarantee export control security.

Advantages of Internal Compliance Program:

Internal Compliance Programs are a great way for organizations to maintain their reputation, stay out of trouble and save money. They are also an excellent way for organizations to keep up with the changing regulatory environment.

Internal compliance programs provide benefits such as:

  • Protecting the organization's reputation from lawsuits and negative publicity
  • Removing the need to hire expensive consultants and lawyers
  • Providing an unbiased look into the company’s operations by educating employees on how to avoid legal problems.
  • Gaining the trust and respect of employees and customers

Internal Compliance Program (ICP) Instructions

Internal Compliance Programs don't typically follow a set format. The content of an ICP is often very company-specific, personalized, and adapted to the unique products and procedures of a business as well as the legal framework to which it is subject. Although official recommendations about Internal Compliance Programs have been released by numerous export control authorities around the world, each country conducts its own programs. Therefore the Internal Compliance Programs of the European Union and of Australia differ from each other.

The best way to stay out of trouble is by following the law. The Internal Compliance program helps ensure that this is the case. It should be a money-saving measure as well because if you follow all applicable regulations, your organization will not have to pay fines or buy expensive consultants or lawyers in order to do so. Internal compliance programs are also a great way to educate employees about avoiding legal problems and staying on the right side


The primary actor of tired, happy, and sad moments, coffee has a very special place in human life. There is no moment when a good cup of coffee with a fresh coffee smell does not feel good. Coffee, which enchants with its smell and gives happiness with its taste, has its own story. It is an integral part of human life that has been consumed in daily life for about 1300 years. Furthermore, the interest in this special bean is increasing day by day. You are definitely among the people who cannot start the day without coffee, who always drink their coffee with their dessert, or who always sip their coffee during a pleasant conversation.

While brewing your coffee, have you ever wondered which beans make the coffee that slowly drips into your cup? If your answer to this question is yes, we invite you on a journey of coffee beans. After reading this article, you can call yourself a coffee gourmet! If you are ready, let's take a look at a comprehensive guide to the types of coffee beans.

The Journey of the Coffee Bean Types

This dark, fragrant beverage is an important part of many people's daily lives. The journey of a cup of a beverage that revitalizes our body and soul is also interesting. Coffee is a tree in the genus Coffea of the Rubiaceae family. The fruit beans of this tree are roasted and ground into a powder. Mixing the powder with boiling water or milk creates coffee, the drink we can't get enough of.  

The coffee tree grows in regions with tropical and equatorial climates. Today, coffee is cultivated in nearly 80 countries from Asia to the Americas. Coffee trees grow in climates with temperatures of 20-30 degrees Celsius, abundant rainfall, and dry climates. However, coffee trees do not grow in places where the temperature drops below 8 degrees Celsius. 


Arabica is the most widely consumed type of coffee bean in the world. This coffee bean accounts for approximately 60% of all coffee in the world. The widespread production area of the Arabica coffee bean has influenced its consumption more than other beans. This coffee bean was discovered centuries ago in the mountainous regions of Ethiopia. In fact, it was from these geographies that coffee was discovered. Nowadays, Arabica is mainly grown in Central and East Africa, India, Latin America, and Indonesia in areas above 600 meters. 

The distinctive feature of the Arabica coffee bean is its susceptibility. Because of this susceptibility, the flavors of the spices and fruits affect it in the soil where it grows. Although the type of coffee bean is Arabica, coffee prepared with beans grown in different parts of the world can have different flavors and aromas. Also, Arabica beans need good care to produce a quality crop. Arabica, which is very susceptible to disease, needs extra shade and needs to be above sea level. 

Standing Out with Unique Flavor

Coffee made from the Arabica bean is smooth-drinking and often has a fruity aftertaste. In addition, Arabica contains less caffeine than other coffee beans. However, the caffeine content of a coffee is not a determining factor in its quality. Quality coffee should have an excellent aroma and taste. 

Arabica coffee, which has an aromatic and delicious taste, is also available in different varieties. The coffee types known as Ethiopia, Sumatra, Guatemala, Kenya, and Indonesia are Arabica coffee varieties grown in these geographies. They are all Arabica coffee, but there is a difference in taste due to their geography and climate.


The second type of coffee bean that comes to mind is undoubtedly Robusta. Robusta bean is a type of coffee made from the seeds of the 'Coffea Canephora' plant. This coffee bean grows in the Eastern Hemisphere, mainly in Africa and Indonesia. One of the best features of the Robusta coffee plant is that it is very durable. The plant is very resistant to diseases and grows at low altitudes. One of the most important reasons why it is a hardy coffee plant is its high caffeine content because pests avoid the bitter taste of caffeine. Also, it needs a lot of water to grow in a healthy and high-quality way. 

The Most Caffeinated Form of Coffee

The dominant characteristic of Robusta coffee is its bitterness. It is used in instant coffee, espresso, and specific ground coffee blends. Robusta is a strong coffee with high caffeine content. Leaving a more intense flavor on the palate, these beans have high caffeine content. If you start the day with coffee made from Robusta coffee beans, you are likely to sober up but we recommend that you take care not to consume too much during the day.  


Liberian coffee is named after its native Liberia. This coffee tree is much larger than Arabica and Robusta coffee trees. In addition, it grows in hot and humid climates and is usually grown in Malaysia, the Philippines, and Indonesia. The bean is similar in appearance to Robusta. The Liberian coffee bean stands out with its pungent aroma. Also, the Liberian coffee bean has a long oval shape and a floral, fruity, and woody taste. The Liberian coffee bean accounts for about 2% of world coffee production.  


Excelsa, a subspecies of Liberica, is considered a separate type of coffee bean because it is different in taste and shape from Liberica. It originated in Africa, but today it is usually grown in South East Asian countries. The countries where Excelsa coffee beans are produced are Vietnam, the Philippines, India, Malaysia, and Indonesia. In addition, the flavor of Excelsa coffee is very intense. For this reason, it is only used to enhance the flavors of blended coffee. The Excelsa coffee bean has a small round shape and a fruity and tart taste.

Import the Best Quality Coffee Beans with Turkish Goods

The most important feature of a good-tasting coffee that will give you pleasure is that it is ground from high-quality beans. As Turkish Goods, we enable you to import the best coffee beans in the world. No matter which part of the world you are in, you can import coffee beans produced under the best conditions to your location. Click to get detailed information about coffee beans and start your import process now.