Perishable Goods: How to Import

In logistics and transportation, it is extremely important to deliver the products on time and without damage. Logistics companies give their customers a certain delivery date, considering all kinds of physical, bureaucratic, and other problems. In this delivery period, besides delivering the goods on time, it is also important to deliver them undamaged and complete. Perishable products have a special place in logistics. For perishable products, attention should be paid to the delivery time, storage conditions, and packaging styles of the products. In this article, we aim to help you carry out a proper commercial activity by telling you all the details about perishable products.

What Do Perishable Goods Mean?

Perishable goods are foods that spoil and are unsafe to eat unless they are refrigerated at 40°F or below, or frozen at 0°F or below. Perishable foods are foods that must be kept in the refrigerator for safety. Examples of perishable goods include meat, fish, dairy products, baked goods, and soft fruits and vegetables.

What is Perishable Cargo?

The transportation of products whose deterioration is sensitive is called perishable cargo. It is of great importance to transport these perishable products by adjusting their temperature and humidity. There are cooling types of equipment in the safe sections of the special vehicles to be used to transport these products. It should be noted that only the presence of suitable coolers does not prevent product loss. The minimum time to be lost on the road during product transfer is the golden rule of perishable cargo transportation. The pre-planned logistics network and fast checks at the stopping points are also important in order not to perish any product. Now it's time to learn more detailed information about perishable goods.

Which Cooling Methods Are Used in Perishable Goods Transportation?

Regardless of the mode of transportation of perishable goods, it is also an important issue at which temperature and with which cooling method they will be transported. Unlike other transported products, perishable goods are transported at a certain temperature in a controlled manner. So what are the ideal temperature and cooling methods for perishable goods?

  • Freezer: Some perishable products require a high freezing point to maintain their quality and condition. If the products you will be carrying are like this, you can use a freezer with a cold mechanism. In particular, you can transport products that need to be transported at temperatures between -12ºC and -20ºC. Products such as meat and fish can be transported at this temperature.
  • Refrigerator: If you are transporting refrigerated products, vehicles with refrigerated or refrigerated systems are useful. In general, you can carry products that can keep the internal temperature to a minimum and keep the outside temperature between 30ºC and -20ºC on average. On long journeys, this method of transport can be effective.
  • Isothermal: This method of transport has insulating doors, floors, walls, and ceilings that control the heat exchange between the vehicle's exterior and interior. Thus, it is aimed to prevent heat loss and transport the product without deterioration.

How to Transport Perishable Goods by Land, Sea, and Air Freight?

Perishable products can be transported by land, sea, and air. Different vehicles can be used for each transportation method. Perishable products are transported almost every day around the world. Therefore, the modes of transportation vary considerably. In addition, the shipping method varies according to the quantity, type of products, and the distance to which the products will be sent. Now we can take a look at these transport methods.

Transport by Land

Trucks and rails are generally used for road transport. In truck transportation, different degrees of coldness is generally determined. Cold chain cargo or dry ice transportation are the most preferred ones. Train wagons must have an insulating coating, and a special system for cooling, loading, and unloading. In addition, too many products can be transported with a large number of wagons. Dry ice used on trains is often used to keep goods cold.

Transport by Sea

You can also transport perishable goods by sea on fully equipped refrigerated vessels with systems to properly circulate the cold air. In addition, you can store the products for a certain period of time without spoiling them in refrigerated containers. Before transporting perishable goods, you may have a gauge showing the temperature at which the product should be kept in the refrigerated container.

Transport by Air

Air freight is the best option for transporting perishable goods. Every airport has an area where the temperature can be controlled using cold rooms and freezers. Here there is a special area for the transport of perishable goods. There are customs control points in these areas, which are guarded by expert personnel and ensure that the goods are always kept at the optimum temperature. Thus, the products are kept intact, even during the period until the products are loaded onto the aircraft.

How Should Perishable Goods Be Packed?

Packaging of perishable goods is as important as their transportation. The first point to be considered in the packaging of perishable goods is that the goods do not come into contact with air. Goods in contact with air may deteriorate and their structure may change. Another important point is that the goods should not be exposed to direct sun. Sunlight can cause products to fade over time and deteriorate their structure. That's why it's always important to be quick and careful in uploading and downloading processes.

Benefit from Turkish Goods Experiences in the Transportation of Perishable Goods

As Turkish Goods, we carry out sea, land, and air transportation all over the world. Wherever you are in the world, we supply the product you want on your behalf with our advanced logistics network. We offer you the best price offer within 48 hours with our expert team speaking 13 languages. With our partner companies such as Trem Chart, we are an excellent service provider in the field of transportation. We do not only offer our customers prices but also manage the operational and technical processes. You can contact us for more detailed information.