Turkish grain sector's exports amounted to 970 million dollars in February with an increase of 52.7 percent compared to the same month of the previous year.
Grain is the general name of high protein and granular plants used in flour production. Grain products are rich in both protein and vitamin E, and they meet the body's fiber needs. Grains strengthen the immune system, thus increasing the body's resistance to diseases.
One of the most significant benefits of cereal products is that it gives a feeling of satiety. For this reason, people include cereals in many different diet programs.
There are many types of cereals in Turkey, and they are grown almost everywhere in the country. Marmara Region and Central Anatolia Region are the leading regions where grains grow the most in Turkey. One of the most traded and grown cereals is wheat and it is used in many different things. For example, flour obtained from wheat is used in bread making. Some of the other dishes made from durum wheat can be listed as follows: Pasta, chicken soup, and wheat salad.
Another most traded cereal is corn, which is generally used in salads. It is one of the cereals with the highest calcium content. Corns support bone development, and it is also beneficial for dental health. Barleys, oats, rice, and ryes are also among the grains that are widely grown and traded.
Cereals are the world's 26th most traded product, with a total trade of $128B. Between 2019 and 2020 the exports of Cereals grew by 8.23%, from $119B to $128B. The trade in cereals represents 0.77% of total world trade.
In 2020 the top exporters of cereals were the United States with $20.2B, Russia with $11.5B, Ukraine with $10.5B, Argentina with $9.41B, and India with $8.9B. The top importers of cereals were China with $11B, Egypt with $7.17B, Japan with $4.99B, Mexico with $4.49B, and Saudi Arabia with $4.34B.
Turkey has 0.23% of the total trade of grains with an export value of $293M. Yet, Turkey is one of the countries that are on the rise in exports of grains. In 2020, Turkey exported $293M in cereals, making it the 41st largest exporter of cereals in the world. In the same year, cereals were the 61st most exported product in Turkey. The main destinations of cereal exports from Turkey are Iraq with 99.8 million dollars, Syria with 47.4 million dollars, Italy with 14.3 million dollars, Libya with 13.6 million dollars, and Morocco with 10.7 million dollars.
In the same year, Turkey imported $3.56B in cereals, becoming the 6th largest importer of cereals in the world. In the same year, Cereals were the 12th most imported product in Turkey. Turkey imports cereals primarily from Russia with $1.88B, Ukraine with $473M, Canada with $107M, Romania with $103M, and Germany with $101M.
The fastest-growing import markets in cereals for Turkey between 2019 and 2020 were Russia with $332M, Germany with $100M, and Syria with $61.7M.
Sufficient precipitation and snowfall in January 2022 had a positive impact on the output of grains. Grain products, especially wheat, met the water needs that they could not get in the past months. Although yellowing may be seen in the plants due to extreme cold in some regions, it is predicted that this situation will not have a negative effect on plant growth. In addition, no diseases or pests were found throughout the country.
Plants entered the tillering period in early sown bottomlands and warm regions. The climatic conditions such as rainfall and temperature values in April and May are expected to stay around seasonal normals. If it stays that way, it will likely be the most fertile grain harvest of the last 4 years.
The province where most grains are grown is Konya, the largest city in Turkey in terms of surface area. Described as Turkey's granary, Konya produces approximately 30 tons of grain every year. Turkey exports 30% of the grains, and it exports to more than ten countries.
It is foreseen that the highest barley cultivation area will be formed in the near future since 2008. Accordingly, Turkey expects a higher barley yield compared to previous years.
Turkey foresees that the cereal industry, which is already on the rise, will come to a much better place with these developments. With the continuation of precipitation in the upcoming months, it is possible to come across record export news in the grain industry soon.
Turkish grain sector's exports amounted to 970 million dollars in February with an increase of 52.7 percent compared to the same month of the previous year. Haluk Okutur, Chairman of the Board of İHBİR, said that Turkey reached 970 million dollars of exports in the grain sector in February with an increase of 52.7 percent compared to the same month of the previous year. In January, the grain sector's exports totaled $847.8M, an increase of 41.43%.
IHBIR pointed out that exports in February continued to increase despite the negative developments. Turkey exported 255 million 841 thousand dollars in grains in February, a 26 percent raise over the last February. Compared to the same month of the previous year, Turkey's grain exports to the USA increased by 67 percent. Turkey's exports to Cuba showed a record increase of 448,213 percent.
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